Ross County, Ohio, Northern America, circa 2000 BC
Height : 6 cm
Provenance : Discovered in Ross County, Ohio
Terry Allen collection, Jefferson City, Missouri
Bannerstones are artifacts usually found in the Eastern United States that are characterized by a centered hole in a symmetrically shaped carved or ground stone. The holes are typically 1⁄4” to 3⁄4” inches in diameter and extend through a raised portion centered in the stone. They usually are bored all the way through but some have been found with holes that extend only part of the way through. Many are made from banded slate or other colored hard stone. They often have a geometric “wing nut” or “butterfly” shape but are not limited to these. More than just functional artifacts, bannerstones are a form of art that appear in varying shapes, designs, and colors, symbolizing their ceremonial and spiritual importance.
An important archaic site containing numerous graves containing bannerstones is at Indian Knoll, Kentucky. At this site, “few of the bannerstones show signs of use. They are carved of exotic imported stones with an exceptional artistry that exploits the natural colours, patterns, and striations of the stones to afford maximum visual satisfaction” (Berlo : 75). This shows both the importance of long distance trade in connecting various archaic societies as well as the importance they placed on the visual appeal of the pieces. This visual appeal would be created in part to please the spirits that the individuals were attempting to persuade for assistance and protection in the hunt, society, and the world as a whole.
The above example has been examined at Breckinridge laboratory in Leonard, Oklahoma, and the results of the laser spectographic and microscopic analysis are consistent with the datation.
Price : 1.200€